Knot Tying Terms┬áthat you should be familiar with in rope and rappelling. This video details the terms by demonstrating with rope.
It’s important for you to learn the terminology used with rope and knots so that you can better understand knot tying and what part of the rope is being referred to in rappelling techniques.
A bight is a curved section or slack part between two ends of a rope. A loop actually has the rope cross over itself. A round turn goes completely around and makes a full circle. Knots don’t strengthen a rope; they actually weaken a rope. Make sure you determine the natural bend of a rope when you are working with one. You can do this by creating a loop and you can see when you make the loop smaller it begins to pull away from itself. At this point, the rope is beginning to stress. If you stop at this point, right before it pulls away from itself, this is called the natural bend of the rope. Anything further will cause stress and weaken the rope. There are some knots that go beyond the natural bend of the rope and in this case these knots are weakening the rope, so you may want to consider using another knot with that rope.
The working end of a rope is the end that you are working with and the free end of a rope is the other part that you are not working with. A bitter end is the end of the rope coming from a knot. The free end also has a bitter end (The bitter end of the free end). The standing end is the end that is hooked into something. If you start hanging on the free end of the rope it then becomes the working end of the rope.